Responding to a question before the National Assembly on the afternoon of June 8, State Bank Governor Nguyen Thi Hong said the authorities are studying and will add regulations on some new currencies.
SBV Governor Nguyen Thi Hong said that in the face of public attention, it is necessary to clarify the concepts of cryptocurrencies, digital currencies, virtual currencies, and virtual assets.
First, cryptocurrencies are the expression of fiat currencies issued by central banks. However, instead of circulating in the form of banknotes, or coins, and cryptocurrencies are stored on electronic devices such as mobile phones or computer networks. That is why crypto has been popular on online platforms such as betting online like when you dang nhap Kubet (log in to Kubet).
In addition, cryptocurrencies must have a 1:1 ratio to fiat money, and payments are allowed. In the coming time, the SBV will continue to clarify this concept in the Decree amending Decree 101 on non-cash payments.
For virtual currencies and virtual assets, Governor Nguyen Thi Hong took the example of Bitcoin. Currently, each country has a different way of managing. Some countries consider virtual currencies, and virtual assets as an asset or securities to impose taxes and license transactions.
This is not a fiat currency issued by central banks of countries, but by private sector organizations based on computer networks. Therefore, this currency is only recognized in certain communities,” he stressed.
For Vietnam, the Government has assigned ministries and branches to research and build legal corridors. In particular, the SBV has a coordinating role with the authorities.
Finally, technical money is fiat money issued by the central bank but in electronic form instead of banknotes and coins. Currently, some countries around the world are starting the process of researching and testing technical money.
She said the Government also assigned the SBV to set up a research department on digital currencies to study and refer to the experiences of countries around the world. In addition, one of the issues of concern to members of the National Assembly is the deployment of Mobile Money mobile payment service.
Accordingly, the SBV has approved 3 telecommunications enterprises including Viettel, VinaPhone, and MobiFone to deploy Mobile Money. After nearly 5 months, by the end of March, the country had about 1.1 million accounts opened at pilot enterprises. The number of transactions reached 8.5 million units with a total value of more than VND 370 billion.
Especially in rural, remote, and island areas, the number of accounts is up to 660,000 units, accounting for more than 60% of the total number of accounts.
Besides, there have been more than 3,000 business points set up in which rural, remote, and island areas accounted for 900 points, equivalent to 30%. The total number of units accepting service payments exceeds 12,800 units.
Although it is still in the pilot phase, the Governor of the SBV evaluated the above results showing that the Mobile Money mobile payment service has entered people’s lives. In the coming time, the SBV together with ministries, departments and agencies will continue to evaluate, and monitor, thereby summarizing the pilot to advise on proposals on legal corridors as well as how to organize them in the future.